Словообразование.Суффиксы прилагательных в английском языке

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Словообразование. Суффиксы прилагательных в английском языке
Суффиксы прилагательных, образованных от существительных • • • • • • •  -ful (выражает наличие качества; beautiful, colourful) -less (выражает отсутствие качества: colourless, useless) -ous (слова франц. происхождения, аналог ful: courageous, famous) -al (central, formal) -y (cloudy, dirty) -ic (poetic, domestic) -ish (выражает национальную принадлежность: Scottish, English, а также слабая степень качества: brownish -коричневатый, reddish красноватый)
The suffix -ful means «be full of» e.g. beautiful means «be full of» beauty.  • • • • • •  She was very thankful for our help. She likes colourful clothes. She is a very forgetful girl. We are not sure that our team will win, but we are hopeful. They lived a peaceful, happy life. He was always as helpful as possible.
The suffix -less means «without» e.g. hopeless means «without» hope.  • a moonless night, a cloudless sky, a noiseless machine, numberless heroes, a motherless girl, a heartless woman, a homeless cat, a leafless tree, a nameless author, a sunless room, a endless war, a lifeless body, a colorless liquid, a friendless child, a sleepless night, careless people, a doubtless victory
The suffix —ous means «ful of» which comes from French e.g. danger + ous = dangerous Form adjectives from nouns and translate them. ОБРАЗЕЦ nerve + ous = nervous (нерв – нервный)  fame — …, humour — …, courage — …, glory (y->i) — …, poison — …, space (i)
В. Use the words in the sentences. • We don’t know if these chemicals are to people. • She became as a writer. • I like to read stories. • There are a lot of snakes in the jungle. • It was a victory. • He was a soldier. • They liked the rooms in their new house.
The suffix -y. • Translate into Russian. • windy day, sunny weather, cloudy sky, sleepy child, dreamy girl, icy wind, healthy food • Form adjectives from the nouns and translate them. • ОБРАЗЕЦ swamp — swampy (болото — болотистый) • sand — … , rock — … , juice — … , grass — … , star(r) — … , bone — … , skin(n) — …, water- … , fog (g) — …, swamp — …
Put the adjectives into this sentences to make them complete. • • • • • • • • • •  This … land is very good for farming. Cows and sheep can feed here all the year round. Peter, eat some more roast beef. You should eat more: you have grown so … (2 variants)! On such … mornings it’s very difficult to drive, as you can’t see the road clearly. These are … apples. I like them most of all. My little brother never eats fish if it is … . Holidaymakers love the … beaches in the south of Australia. Why does this coffee taste so … ? The picture shows the … mountains of Scotland. The sky is unusually … tonight. … places have a lot of water in all seasons.
The suffix —ic. • gigantic hound, scientific expedition, domestic animal, academic year, Olympic games, thematic collection, basic knowledge
The suffix -al • Make up adjectives with the help of suffix al and translate them. • ОБРАЗЕЦ music – musical (музыка — музыкальный) • industry – …, culture – …, region – …, tradition – …, nature – …, nation – …, agriculture – …, comic – …
Суффиксы национальностей -ish: • ОБРАЗЕЦ Britain – British • Scotland — …, Spain — …, Sweden — …, Finland — …, Denmark — …, Poland — …, Turkey — …
-(i)an: • ОБРАЗЕЦ Russia – Russian • America — …, Australia — .., Canada — …, Hungary — …, Belgium — …, Egypt — …, Italy — …, Europe — …
-ese: • ОБРАЗЕЦ Japan – Japanese • China — … , Portugal — … • Mind: Germany — German, France – French, Holland – Dutch, Greece — Greek
The suffix – able. • Form the words with the suffix – able. • move — .., count — …, eat — …, drink — …, comfort — … , imagine — … , break — … , read — … , respect — …., forget — …, believe —…
Use the words in the sentences: • Though the cup is made of thin glass it is not ……….(break). • She thought of all names ………to guess the name of their new classmate. (imagine). • Everybody respects him. He is very …….. (respect). • I can’t read the book. It is not ……(read). • The nouns are divided into …………. and un…………… (count).
Form the words with the suffix –ive. • create — … , impress — … , progress — …, act — … , mass — … , impulse — …
Образуйте существительные от данных прилагательных, используя суффиксы из таблицы.  • able, near, distant, long, wide, strong, wise, kind, electric, short, white, probable, persistent (упорный), dependent, insistent (настойчивый), indifferent (безразличный), unstable (нестабильный), patient, responsible, important, stupid, curious

Материалы подготовил(а): Токарева Людмила Владимровна

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2020-02-10

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